Focus

Russia's War on Ukraine

09/03/2022
Three persons look at damage caused by the shelling of Kyiv. IMAGO / Ukrinform

The Russian invasion of Ukraine is a war of aggression that we condemn in the strongest possible terms. We are very worried about the people in Ukraine. With our research and expertise on Ukraine and the entire region of Eastern Europe, we at ZOiS will continue to contribute to the fact-based assessment of the situation. We also strive to maintain our contacts with researchers, journalists and artists who are in need, have had to flee, or come under political pressure, regardless of where they are located.

Our online dossier gathers relevant background information from our archive in addition to recent articles and assessments by ZOiS experts.

ZOiS publications and recordings

External publications by ZOiS experts

Why the EU Must Open Its Doors to Ukraine

Guest article by Gwendolyn for Carnegie Europe on Ukraine's EU candidate status.

To stop Russian manipulation, Francis must make Vatican's stand on Ukraine clear

In a guest article for the National Catholic Reporter, Regina Elsner and her co-authors call on the Vatican to take a clearer position on the Russia-Ukraine war.

Ausbruch aus einem selbstreferentiellen Gespräch

In the Hauptstadtbrief, Gwendolyn Sasse pleads for Ukraine to be placed at the centre of the German debate on the war.

Ökumenische Herausforderung Friedensethik

For zebis, Regina Elsner outlines the peace ethics of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Wie die Russische Orthodoxe Kirche den Vatikan manipuliert

For feinschwarz, Regina Elsner and her co-authors explain how the Russian Orthodox Church manipulates the Vatican.

Keine zweite Ukraine werden – Kasachstans neue Distanz zu Russland

In a guest commentary in the Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Beate Eschment describes the political situation in Kazakhstan against the background of the war in Ukraine.

Come il Patriarcato di Mosca ha «arruolato» il Vaticano nella guerra

In a guest article for Il Regno, Regina Elsner and her co-authors analyse the relationship between the Vatican and the Russian Orthodox Church in the context of Russia's war against Ukraine.

Ukraine: A battleground for Europe’s future

Tatiana Zhurzhenko sheds light on what Russia's war against Ukraine means for Europe on voxeurop.

Do people in Donbas want to be ‘liberated’ by Russia?

John O'Loughlin, Gerard Toal and Gwendolyn Sasse present poll results from the Donbass for the Washington Post.

Wenn Religion der Ideologie dient

Regina Elsner analyzes the instrumentalization of the Russian Orthodox Church for state ideology in a guest article for the Central Committee of German Catholics.

Leider keine Friedenskraft

The Protestant magazine zeitzeichen publishes a text by Regina Elsner on the involvement of Russian Orthodoxy in the war over Ukraine.

Russia-Ukraine Talks: A Difficult Road to Peace

On Carnegie Europe's blog Judy Dempsey's Strategic Europe, Gwendolyn Sasse analyses the state of the negotiations between Ukraine and Russia. While Ukraine seems willing to accept a neutral status in return for firm security guarantees, Russia is not displaying the required political will.

FAQ #2: WIE KANN MAN DIESEN KRIEG BEENDEN?

Together with dekoder, ZOiS has developed a FAQ asking scientists how the war can be resolved diplomatically.

Ukraine war: people are fighting and dying for Vladimir Putin’s flawed version of history

In a guest article for The Conversation, Félix Krawatzek examines Putin's image and instrumentalisation of history.

The Role of Religion in Contemporary Russia and for the War in Ukraine

Regina Elsner and Tobias Köllner explore Russia’s political relationship with religion and its utilisation to build a strong nationalist identity, as well as how this relationship shapes the country’s foreign affairs.

Perspectives on the Russian contestation of the Ukrainian state - № 7

On the SCRIPTS blog, Tatiana Zhurzhenko writes about the implications of Russia's war on Ukraine regarding Ukraine’s borders and border regions and assesses what it means for the liberal script.

So schön, wie es niemals war – Geschichte in Putins Russland

Nina Frieß and Félix Krawatzek analyse Vladimir Putin's historical narratives in the Neue Zürcher Zeitung.

Krieg in der Ukraine - Die religiöse und kirchliche Dimension des Konflikts

At a panel discussion organised by Domschule Würzburg, Regina Elsner speaks about the role of religion in Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

The End of Unity: How the Russian Orthodox Church Lost Ukraine

For the International Center for Law and Religion Studies, Regina Elsner comments the implications of Russia's war on Ukraine for the Russian-Orthodox chuch.

Julia Langbein: Western sanctions need to hurt the Putin regime at its core

Increasing repression and disinformation over the past years in Russia make it unlikely that current Western economic sanctions will have a large-scale mobilisation effect on the Russian people against the Putin regime. While the current sanctions regime is comprehensive, it needs a ban on Russian gas and oil imports by the EU and the US in order to deprive the Putin regime of respective revenues, which are the fundamental pillar on which its survival is based, argues Julia Langbein.

Panel discussion on religion and the war in Ukraine

organised by The Orthodox Christian Studies Center of Fordham University. Featuring Archimandrite Cyril Hovorun (University College Stockholm), Brandon Gallaher (University of Exeter), Regina Elsner (Centre for East European and International Studies), and Sean Casey (Harvard Divinity School). Moderated by Aristotle Papanikolaou (Fordham University).

Krieg in der Ukraine – Krieg in Europa

At a panel discussion organised by the Evangelische Akademie Sachsen, Regina Elsner discusses the backgrounds of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

The murderous silence of the Russian Orthodox Church

On Religion in Praxis Regina Elsner analyses the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in Russia's attack on Ukraine.

Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine Changes Everything: Ukraine's Future (Judy Dempsey’s Strategic Europe)

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine will have profound consequences for the stability of the region and for the future of European security, not to mention the immense human suffering.

ZOiS Experts in the Media

6 July 2022

ZDF quotes Beate Eschment on the disruption of Kazakhstan's oil exports to Europe (German).

1 July 2022

Beate Eschment is quoted by ZDF and Die Welt on Kazakhstan's position in the Russia-Ukraine conflict (German).

29 June 2022

Beate Eschment's assessments of a possible threat to Kazakhstan by Russia in an interview with Deutsche Welle (German).

23 June 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse with quotes in an article by Deutsche Welle (German).

18 June 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse gives her opinion on Ukraine's EU membership application in the WDR 5 Europamagazin (German).

17 Juni 2022

In an interview with tagesschau.de, Gwendolyn Sasse comments on Ukraine becoming a EU membership candidate and analyses chancellor Scholz’s visit to Kyiv (German).

16 June 2022

An article by RND dicusses a possible membership candidate status for Ukraine, quoting among others Gwendolyn Sasse (German).

15 June 2022

A possible membership candidate status for Ukraine is one of the topics Gwendolyn Sasse and other guests discuss in Markus Lanz's talk show (German).

15 June 2022

In the programme Europa heute on Deutschlandfunk, Gwendolyn Sasse explains what the status as an EU candidate country would mean for Ukraine (German).

14 June 2022

In the Foreign Times podcast, Gwendolyn Sasse talks about developments in Russia, Ukraine and the war (German).

9 June 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse discusses the role of the West in the Russia-Ukraine war on maybritt illner on ZDF (German). 

7 June 2022

Redaktionsnetzwerk Deutschland quotes Gwendolyn Sasse on Eastern Europe expertise in Germany (German).

6 June 2022

Bayrischer Rundfunk reports with assessments by Regina Elsner on the talks between Pope Francis and Moscow Patriarch Cyril (German).

31 May 2022

In an interview with PRO, Regina Elsner classifies the detachment of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate from Moscow Patriarch Cyril (German).

31 May 2022

In an interview with katholisch.ch, Regina Elsner analyses the role of the Russian Orthodox Patriarch Cyril in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

30 May 2022

ZDF reports on the Catholic Day in the light of the Russia-Ukraine war and interviews Regina Elsner (German).

30 May 2022 

The Bayern 2 podcast Theo.Logik talks to Regina Elsner about the relationship between the Vatican and the Russian Orthodox Church (German).

29 May 2022

On WDR 5 Regina Elsner comments on the implications of the Russian war against Ukraine in the context of the Katholikentag (German).

28 May 2022

Regina Elsner speaks on radioeins about the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in Russia's wars against Ukraine (German).

28 May 2022

FAZ uses quotes by Regina Elsner to explain the background to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church's distancing itself from Moscow Patriarch Cyril (German).

26 May 2022

Tagespost draws on Regina Elsner's assessments of the role of ecumenism in times of Russia's war against Ukraine (German).

26 May 2022

Based on a dpa report, Süddeutsche Zeitung, tagesschau and Die Zeit quoted Regina Elsner's analyses on the relationship between the Catholic and Russian Orthodox Churches in the context of war.

25 May 2022

In the hr-iNFO podcast Himmel und Erde, Regina Elsner comments on the role of the Russian Orthodox Patriarch Cyril in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

24 May 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse comments on Deutschlandfunk Kultur on the prospects for a possible end to the war against Ukraine (German).

18 May 2022

Félix Krawatzek comments for Radio Canada on the decision of Sweden and Finland to join NATO (French).

17 May 2022

Regina Elsner is quoted in an article by Die Eule that looks at the Pope's position on the Russian Orthodox Church in the context of the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

17 May 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse is interviewed as an expert in the ZDF TV documentary "Putin – Der gefährliche Despot" (German).

11 May 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse is a guest on the political talkshow Markus Lanz to discuss Russia's war against Ukraine and Putins war communications and tactics (German).

11 May 2022

Regina Elsner comments in an interview with Deutsche Welle on the role of Patriarch Cyril in Russia's war against Ukraine (German).

10 May 2022

In an interview with alpha-demokratie, Regina Elsner sheds light on the relationship of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Putin regime (German).

9 May 2022

In a radio report by BR2's Radio Welt, Gwendolyn Sasse is interviewed about Russian state rhetoric on the occasion of Victory Day (German).

9 May 2022

In an interview with ARD's Morgenmagazin, Gwendolyn Sasse talks about the relevance of the 9 May celebrations in Russia and Ukraine (German).

8 May 2022

Sabine von Löwis talks to Radio France Internationale about Victor Gusan, the founder of the Transnistrian Sheriff Group (French).

8 May 2022

In an interview with Deutschlandfunk Kulturfragen, Gwendolyn Sasse talks about the commemoration of 8/9 May in Ukraine and Russia (German).

6 May 2022

Ecumenical Studies quotes Regina Elsner on the relationship of Pope Francis and Patriarch Cyril in the Russia-Ukraine war (Ukrainian).

6 May 2022

Regina Elsner is quoted by katholisch.de on Pope Francis' positioning vis-à-vis the Russian Orthodox Patriarch Cyril (German).

5 May 2022

The blog CORRECTIV - Research for Society quotes Tatiana Zhurzhenko in an article on the Russian narrative of Nazis in Ukraine (German).

4 May 2022

Domradio interviews Regina Elsner on the Pope's stance on the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

3 May 2022

On Pope Francis' will to meet Putin, Regina Elsner is interviewed on BR 24 (German).

30 April 2022

In an interview with RP Online, Regina Elsner explains why there are no major protests against the war in Russia (German).

25 April 2022 

For CTV News, Félix Krawatzek comments on the attitudes of young people in Russia and Ukraine toward the war (English).

23 April 2022

Regina Elsner speaks to WDR on the responsibility of the churches in Russia's war against Ukraine (German).

22 April 2022

Beate Eschment explains on SRF how the Central Asian states relate to Russia's war against Ukraine (German).

22 April 2022

Bayrischer Rundfunk reports that Pope Francis will not travel to Ukraine for the time being, drawing on assessments by Regina Elsner (German).

20 April 2022

Deutschlandfunk quotes Regina Elsner on criticism of the Russian Orthodox Church's stance in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

20 April 2022

The New York Times morning newsletter refers to this year's ZOiS poll in Donbass (German).

15 April 2022

tagesschau highlights the role of Russian Orthodox Patriarch Cyril in the war against Ukraine with quotes from Regina Elsner (German).

12 April 2022

BR 24 analyzes the positioning of Russian Orthodox Patriarch Cyril on the war against Ukraine, referring among other things to Regina Elsner's analyses (German).

11 April 2022

Die Eule refers to Regina Elsner's analyses on the Russian Orthodox Church in the war against Ukraine (German).

10 April 2022

in the NRD podcast 'vertikal horizontal. Questions of Faith and Conscience' Regina Elsner comments on the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

9 April 2022

Deutsche Welle quotes Gwendolyn Sasse on the pro-Russian protests in Germany (Russian).

7 April 2022

Based on assessments by Beate Eschment, Die Presse looks at the position of the Central Asian states on the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

7 April 2022

In the podcast of the Federal Agency for Civic Education "Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte - Ende der Sowjetunion" Gwendolyn Sasse talks about the aftermath of the collapse of the Soviet Union (German).

3 April 2022

evangelisch.de quotes Regina Elsner with assessments on the role of the Moscow Patriarchate in the war against Ukraine (German).

31 March 2022

Regina Elsner is quoted in an article in the Neue Zürcher Zeitung on the situation of Russian Orthodox in Ukraine (German).

31 March 2022

On Markus Lanz's talk show, Gwendolyn Sasse discusses the topic of a possible energy embargo against Russia (German).

31 March 2022

Beate Eschment classifies for t-online the reactions of the Central Asian states, especially Kazakhstan, to the Ukraine war (German).

31 March 2022

For Judy Dempsey's Strategic Europe, Gwendolyn Sasse assesses the state of negotiations between Russia and Ukraine (German).

30 March 2022

In the france culture podcast Le Temps du débat, Irina Mützelburg explains European migration policy since the flight movement in 2015 (French).

30 March 2022

In SWR 2 Forum Regina Elsner discusses the attitude of Christian churches in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

30 March 2022

In the ntv podcast Wieder was gelernt Sabine von Löwis looks at the implications of the Russia-Ukraine war for Georgia and Moldova (German).

30 March 2022

In the SRF Tagesgespräch Gwendolyn Sasse assesses the latest round of negotiations between Russia and Ukraine (German).

30 March 2022

The tagesschau interviews Gwendolyn Sasse on the alleged withdrawal of Russian troops near Kyiv (German).

30 March 2022

As a guest on Morgenmagazin, Gwendolyn Sasse comments on the peace negotiations between Russia and Ukraine in Istanbul (German).

30 March 2022

The Tagesspiegel quotes Beate Eschment on the Central Asian reaction to Russia's war against Ukraine (German).

29 March 2022

On Deutschlandfunk Nova's Kurz und Heute, Gwendolyn Sasse explains the concept of neutrality in the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine (German).

29 March 2022

The Merkur quotes Gwendolyn Sasse with assessments of the peace negotiations between Russia and Ukraine (German).

29 March 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse explores the design of a possible peace treaty between Russia and Ukraine in an interview with tagesschau (German).

29 March 2022

In an interview with Deutschlandfunk, Gwendolyn Sasse comments on Russia's disinformation campaigns in Germany (German).

28 March 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse is quoted by the Tagesspiegel on Putin's political confidants (German).

27 March 2022

In the Religion in Praxis Conversation Series podcast, Regina Elsner looks at the political theology of Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine.

26 March 2022

The Independent examines Belarusians' attitudes to the Russia-Ukraine war, quoting Gwendolyn Sasse (English).

25 March 2022

On the blog Vielfalt leben Regina Elsner anaylsises the religious dimensions of the Russian war against Ukraine (German)

24 March 2022

Deutsche Welle quotes Tatiana Golova on Russian-speaking communities in Germany and the war in Ukraine (Russian).

24 March 2022

In a conversation on WDR 2, Gwendoyln Sasse looks at the history of Putin's foreign policy (German).

24 March 2022

Regina Elsner talks to WDR 3 Resonanzen about the Pope's ability to mediate in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

23 March 2022

Regina Elsner comments in the Süddeutsche on the Pope's role in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

23 March 2022

At the Deutsche Welle programme To the point discusses NATO's options for action in the Russia-Ukraine war (English).

21 March 2022

On Domradio, Regina Elsner gives her assessment of the conversation between Pope Francis and the Russian Orthodox Patriarch Cyril (German).

21 March 2022

In the Deutschlandfunk programme @mediasres, Gwendolyn Sasse comments on the planned merger of the Ukrainian TV channels (German).

18 March 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse analyses current developments in the Russia-Ukraine war in ARTE Journal (German).

17 March 2022

In the Augsburger Allgemeine, Regina Elsner is quoted on the attitude of Russian Orthodox priests to the war against Ukraine (German).

17 March 2022

In an interview with katholisch.de Regina Elsner comments on the conversation between Pope Francis and the Russian Orthodox Patriarch Cyril I. (German). (German).

17 March 2022

On Scotland Tonight, Gwendolyn Sasse discusses the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine with Olga Onuch (English).

17 March 2022

The Wall Street Journal analyses the concept of 'Russian World' and its role in the context of the war against Ukraine quoting Regina Elsner and other experts (English).

17 March 2022

Katholisch.de reports on the Russian Orthodox Church in Africa. With quotes by Regina Elsner (German).

16 March 2022

The tagesschau quotes Gwendolyn Sasse on the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine (German).

15 March 2022

In the ZDF Mittagmagazin Gwendolyn Sasse comments on the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine (German).

14 March 2022

For WDR 5 Politikum, Beate Eschment comments on the position of the Central Asian states in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

14 March 2022

Atlante delle Guerre e die conflitti del mondo interviews Regina Elsner on the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in Russia's invasion of Ukraine (German).

13 March 2022

On a rbbKultur special Gwendolyn Sasse comments on the implications of Russia's invasion of Ukraine (German).

12 March 2022

Regina Elsner is a guest on the KATAPULT podcast and analyses the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in Russia's war against Ukraine (German).

12 March 2022

In an interview with rbb inforadio, Gwendolyn Sasse gives her assessment of the information situation and disinformation in Russia (German).

12 March 2022

On rbbKultur Gwendolyn Sasse comments on the consequences of the invasion of Ukraine (German).

11 March 2022

The Sueddeutsche examines the Russian-German scientific exchange against the background of the Russian attack on Ukraine with assessments by Christian Schaich (German).

10 March 2022

On Deutschlanfunk Kultur Regina Elsner talks about the support of the Orthodox Church in Russia for Putin's war of aggression (German).

10 March 2022

In an interview with SRF, Regina Elsner explains the relationship of the various Orthodox Churches against the background of the war in Ukraine (German).

10 March 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse comments on Volodymyr Selenskyj's public relations work during the war in the mittagsmagazin programme of the German public broadcaster Ersten (German).

10 March 2022

Der Spiegel quotes Gwendolyn Sasse on possible successors to Putin at the head of the Russian state (German).

10 March 2022

In an interview for Radio Canada, Félix Krawatzek talks about the possible consequences of increasing numbers of Ukrainian refugees in European countries (French).

9 March 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse analyses Volodymyr Selensky's role in Russia's current war against Ukraine in tagesthemen (German).

9 March 2022

In the Himmelklar podcast Regina Elsner talks about the church during the Russian attack on Ukraine (German).

9 March 2022

On katholisch.de Regina Elsner comments on the role of religion in the war in Ukraine (German).

8 March 2022

Trouw assesses the role of the Russian Orthodox Church during Russia's attack on Ukraine with expertise from Regina Elsner (Dutch).

7 March 2022

Beate Eschment comments on Kazakhstan's perspective on Russia's invasion of Ukraine in an interview with Reuters (German).

7 March 2022

On Bayrischer Rundfunk, Regina Elsner assesses the role of the churches in Russia's war in Ukraine (German).

7 March 2022

The Rheinische Post comments on the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in Russia's war in Ukraine with quotes by Regina Elsner (German).

6 March 2022

On Deutschlandfunk, Gwendolyn Sasse assesses the current war situation in Ukraine (Detusch).

4 March 2022

The Lausitzer Rundschau interviews Regina Elsner regarding the Russian Orthodox Church in the Russia-Ukraine war (German).

4 March 2022

On Deutschlandfunk's Kultur heute, Félix Krawatzek comments on the treatment of Russian artists (German).

4 March 2022

Trouw quotes Regina Elsner on the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the Russian invasion of Ukraine (Dutch).

4 March 2022 

In the Deutschlandfunk Kultur programme Wortwechsel, Gwendolyn Sasse discusses the "turn of the times" in the wake of Russia's war in Ukraine (German).

3 March 2022

In an Interview with SWR Aktuell, Gwendolyn Sasse talks about what Selenskyi means for Ukrainians during the war (German).

3 March 2022

In the SWR2 programme Forum, Gwendolyn Sasse discusses the war in Ukraine and possible courses of events with academics and journalists (German).

28 February 2022

In Brennpunkt, Gwendolyn Sasse analyses the domestic political situation in Russia in the context of the war against Ukraine (German).

28 February 2022

On rbb inforadio, Gwendolyn Sasse comments on the political implications of Russia's attack on Ukraine (German).

28 February 2022

On Deutschlandfunk, Regina Elsner talks about religion in Russia's war against Ukraine (German).

28 February 2022

On NDR Gwendolyn Sasse comments on the European Union's sanctions against Russia (German).

25 February 2022

ZDF looks at the background to the attack on Ukraine, drawing on Gwendolyn Sasse's expertise (German).

25 February 2022

On the talk show Markus Lanz, Gwendolyn Sasse discusses the implications of Russia's attack on Ukraine (German).

25 February 2022

On CBC's The Current, Félix Krawatzek comments on the Russia-Ukraine war.

25 February 2022

In Carnegie Europe's Strategic Europe Blog, Gwendolyn Sasse gives her assessment of the impact of the military attack on the post-war era.

25 February 2022

In the podcast of the magazine "Die Eule", Regina Elsner talks about the role of the Orthodox churches in the conflict between Russia and Ukraine (German).

25 Feburary 2022

Deutschlandfunk Kultur talks with Gwendolyn Sasse about the effect of sanctions on Russia in the context of the current war (German).

24 February 2022

For Radio Canada, Félix Krawatzek comments on the Russian military attacks on Ukraine (French).

24 February 2022

For Carnegie Europe, experts including Gwendolyn Sasse assess Belarus' role in the current conflict between Russia and Ukraine (English).

23 February 2022

Sabine von Löwis is quoted by mdr aktuell in an article on the history and economic importance of the Donbas (German).

23 February 2022

ntv looks back at the discussion round on Markus Lanz on 22 February and quotes Gwendolyn Sasse's assessments (German).

23 February 2022

Domradio interviews Regina Elsner on the Russian Orthodox Church and the faithful in the context of the Russia-Ukraine conflict (German).

22 February 2022

Gwendolyn Sasse discussed the consequences of the Russian aggression towards Ukraine with other guests on Markus Lanz's talk show (German).

22 February 2022

In a special programme on the Russia-Ukraine conflict, ARTE Journal interviews Félix Krawatzek on possible developments that could result from the Russian aggression towards Ukraine (German).

22 February 2022

On logo! Gwendolyn Sasse classifies the Russia-Ukraine conflict (German).